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Geographical Information

Mozambique stretches for 1,535 mi (2,470 km) along Africa's southeast coast. It is nearly twice the size of California. Tanzania is to the north; Malawi, Zambia, and Zimbabwe to the west; and South Africa and Swaziland to the south. The country is generally a low-lying plateau broken up by 25 sizable rivers that flow into the Indian Ocean. The largest is the Zambezi, which provides access to central Africa.

National name: República de Moçambique
President: Armando Guebuza (2005)
Prime Minister: Luisa Diogo (2004)
Land area: 302,737 sq mi (784,089 sq km); total area: 309,494 sq mi (801,590 sq km)
Population (2007 est.): 20,905,585 (growth rate: 1.8%); birth rate: 38.5/1000; infant mortality rate: 109.9/1000; life expectancy: 40.9; density per sq mi: 69
Capital and largest city (2003 est.): Maputo, 1,691,000 (metro. area), 1,114,000 (city proper)
Monetary unit: Metical
Languages: Portuguese 9% (official; second language of 27%), Emakhuwa 26%, Xichangana 11%, Elomwe 8%, Cisena 7%, Echuwabo 6%, other Mozambican languages 32% (1997)
Ethnicity/race: indigenous tribal groups 99.66% (Shangaan, Chokwe, Manyika, Sena, Makua, and others), Europeans 0.06%, Euro-Africans 0.2%, Indians 0.08%
Religions: Mozambique 24%, Islam 18%, Zionist Christian 18%, none 23% (1997)
Literacy rate: 48% (2003 est.)
Transportation: Railways: total: 3,123 km (2006). Highways: total: 30,400 km; paved: 5,685 km; unpaved: 24,715 km (1999 est.). Waterways: 460 km (Zambezi River navigable to Tete and along Cahora Bassa Lake) (2007). Ports and harbors: Beira, Inhambane, Maputo, Nacala, Pemba, Quelimane. Airports: 147 (2007).